Roof Types: Discovering the Pros and Cons of Different Materials

If you are considering replacing your roof, a wide array of options lies before you. Several roofs have different features, lifespans, advantages, and disadvantages.

Knowing that roof replacement is quite an investment, we have created this post to guide you through the most sought-after roofing materials, their advantages, and disadvantages.

Our discussion will feature the following roofing materials:

• Asphalt 3-Tab Shingles
• Asphalt Architectural Shingles
• Concrete Tile
• Clay Tiles
• Metal Roofs
• Slate Shingles
• Wood Shingles

Roofing Types, Features, Advantages, and Disadvantages

1. Asphalt 3-tab shingles

For many years, Asphalt 3-tab shingles have been the undisputed best roofing materials for homes. Homeowners particularly love them because of their color and durability. The roofing material comprises fiberglass/asphalt that has granules for extra protection.

Asphalts are easy to install and affordable, with an impressive lifespan. The average asphalt shingles have a 20-year lifespan.

Advantages of Asphalt Shingle Roofs

  • Ease of Installment is one reason many homeowners love this roof. You can install them on old shingles if the deck is still strong.
  • Asphalt 3-tab shingles are very affordable. They cost between $1.50 and $5.50 for the average shingle per square.
    Asphalt shingles are easy to find. You can find them in shops around you.
  • Fire resistance is a primary strength of asphalt shingles. They can withstand a burning fire for about two hours before they begin to damage.

Disadvantages of Asphalt Shingle Roofs

  •  Asphalt shingles are not environment-friendly. The gas emissions associated with their production is quite high. However, they can be recycled and used as pavements.
  •  Asphalt shingles have a short lifespan compared to other roofing materials. They last between 15 and 20years, but other materials stay for 50 years and above.
  •  Asphalt shingles can be destroyed by a storm, strong winds, and extreme heat.

2. Architectural shingle features

Architectural shingles have the same features, materials, and features as asphalt shingles, so we won’t repeat those details. However, architectural shingles go a step further to add an extra layer while manufacturing the layer. This material improves the aesthetics and lifespan.

Architectural shingles are a little costlier than their asphalt counterparts. They cost between 22 and 28 dollars per square foot. However, the lifespan of architectural shingle material is 30 years.

3. Metal Roofing

Metal roofing is the name for a group of roofs, including aluminum, steel, and copper. Metal roofs are made of corrugated panels that are not very attractive to the eyes. However, modern metal roofing materials now come with designs that work well with almost all architectural styles.

Metal roofing panels are made from copper, aluminum, or steel. The producers add metallic coating alongside the painted finish to increase the appeal and prevent rust. However, aluminum panels naturally resist corrosion and rust.

Depending on your climatic condition, metal roofs have a lifespan between 40 and 80 years.

Advantages of Metal Roofing

  • Metal roofs come in over 100 colors and a variety that suits multiple home styles.
  • They are durable because of the added paints and coatings. Metal roofing can last for 60 years.
  • They are fire-resistant, which can reduce your insurance fees, especially in fire-prone regions.
  • A metal roof increases a house’s sales value.

Disadvantages of Metal Roofing

  • Metal roofs can cost as much as 21 000 to 50 000 for installation. They also cost between $7.00 and $9.00 per square foot.
  • You need an experienced and licensed contractor to handle your metal roofing.

4. Wooden Shingles

Wooden shingles are popular and they have been for centuries. The roof is made from composite wood or hardwood materials. Wooden shingles can last for 30 years in moderate climates.

Wooden shingles cost between $4.50 and $9.00 on the average per square foot.

Advantages of Wood Roofs

  • Longer lifespan compared to asphalt roofing. The lifespan however depends on your local climate and the wood type.
  • Wooden shingles are natural-looking and appealing to many homes.
  • Wooden shingles are made from biodegradable materials and are environmentally friendly.
  • Wooden and Cedar shingles are lightweight compared to other roofing materials, but they are strong and can prevent moisture.

Disadvantages of Wood Roofs

  • Wooden shingles raise fire concerns, especially in fire-prone areas. You might need additional security against fire.
  • Wooden shingles need preservative treatments to prevent them from cracking, warping, and drying out.

5. Tile Roofing: Clay, Slate, and Concrete

The group of roofing materials is the most durable. National Association of Home Builders estimates that they can last for 100 years and above.
Tile roofing materials cost a lot for purchase and installation. They are at $4.00 to $10.00 per square foot.

Advantages of Tile Roofing

  • Tile roofing is non-combustible, fire-resistant, and rot-resistant.
  • Tile roofing has an amazingly long lifespan.
  • They have energy-reducing qualities.

Disadvantages of Tile Roofing

  • This roofing material is very heavy and might affect your home’s structure.
  • Always discuss with your structural engineer how the weight of your tile roofing will affect your house.

How Long Will Your Roof Last? How much will you spend on purchases?

Your roof’s lifespan depends on the kind of roof you purchase. No two roofs have the same lifespan, features, or even price.

This article will discuss clay tile roofs, asphalt shingles, wood shingles, metal roofs, slate tile roofs, and others. You will discover their lifespan and how much it costs to replace them.

How long will a slate tile roof last?

Slate is the perfect material for roofing tiles. With a lifespan of 100 years or more, this roof outlives its owners and remains strong throughout.

Slate roofs come from a metamorphic stone that looks like a fine grain and has all the resistance bestowed on it by nature. The roof is strong enough to handle any weather condition, sans extreme physical disasters. You can also replace a slate if it ever breaks (which is unlikely).

The slate roof has a beautiful and unique structure that homeowners will spend a lot to own. Indeed, slate roofs cost quite a lot. They are priced between $600 and $1500 for square feet.

One more thing to worry about after cost is the weight of these slate tiles. They are too heavy for the regular roof frames, so you must increase the rafters before installing them.
Manufacturers offer warranties ranging between 50 years and forever.

How long will your wood shingle roof last?

Wood shingle roofs have a lifespan of 30 years with regular maintenance. They look beautiful on any building because of their natural look. But the cottage and Tudor homes carry the roof perfectly. The best material for wood shingles is Cedar. This material is resistant to both rot and insect and will age gracefully.

As they age, wood shingles look sliver-gray, and you might sometimes find some split or twisted shingles, which you can repair. Ensure to inspect a wood shingle roof yearly to identify warped shingles that need repair.

Purchasing wood shingles for your roof cost between $250 and $600 per square. You also get a 30-year warranty as an assurance.

How long will metal roofs last?

Where quality meets the price, you find metal roofs there. The beautiful and long-lasting roof is mid-priced and is worth around $155 per square of steel or aluminum standing-seam roofs. The steel tiles coated with stone and standing-seam copper costs around $900 per square.

You can judge the quality of metal roofs based on their thickness. The thinner metals that are between 26 and 29 gauge are cheaper, while the thicker gauge with lower numbers between 22 and 24 gauge are more durable.

Homeowners in northern climes opt for the thicker roofs because they can redirect snow off the roof. It is also more durable than the thinner one. If you live in warmer areas like California, metal roofs are great too. They reflect the sun on hotter days which helps reduce electricity costs for air conditioning. Our favorite roofing contractor in southern California you find at roofing Vista, CA.

Metal roofs last approximately 70 years and come with a warranty ranging between 20 and life. The warranty varies depending on the metal quality.

How long will clay tile roofs last?

Clay tile roofs are not dull and drab like you might imagine. They come in several unique and natural colors, especially the famous terracotta from Southwest U.S.

Clay tiles are durable, require very little maintenance, and remain in good condition for 50 years or more.

Manufacturers offer homeowners warranties ranging between 30 years and a lifetime for these tiles that cost between $600 and $800 per square.

How long will asphalt shingles last?

The most common and affordable roofing for modern-day houses is the Asphalt shingles, and there are many reasons for this reality.

Asphalt shingles have a warranty of 25 years, price range between $70 and $150 per square, and unique makeup of materials.

Asphalt shingles have cement fibers and other materials that guard against rain, wind, and UV rays.

The downward part of this roof has a sticky black asphalt that melts under the sun. The melted part holds the roof into place by a seal.

How long will architectural shingles last?

Architectural shingles are an upgrade to asphalt and feature a longer lifespan and higher price. These roofs are thrice as thick as asphalt to ensure better resilience.

Architectural shingles are more attractive than asphalt. Homeowners also choose shingles that come in slate, tile, and wood.

Architectural shingles have a warranty of between 25 and 30 years. It also costs between $250 and $400 per square.

These 5 Signs Tell You it is time for a New roof

Do you ever wake up and wonder whether your roof is in good condition? Hardly anyone does. We see our roofs as that part of the building that will take care of itself. That is until we wake up one morning and we can see the sun shining through a hole or the rain coming down into our homes. Then the frenzy begins.

Instead of waiting unconcerned until your roof gives way and you are put in a precarious situation, start observing your roof for the tell-tale signs that it might need a replacement. It will take time, money, and other variables to change your roof so starting early is vital
If you are ready to begin assessing your roof, this post will tell you where to look and what signs foretell a leaky roof, corroded material, or a roof badly in need of changing.

1. Begin by consulting the books

The first thing to do is consult your record books and find out when your roof was last replaced or repaired. When you know the last installment or maintenance date, you can tell whether or not you should be worried about it.

Since these roofing materials come with a warranty and an estimated lifespan, you can guess how much longer it has. New asphalt shingles, for example, should last between 20 and 25 years. Those replaced on existing shingles should get replaced after 20 years.

2. Examine the Flashing systems

Examine the flashings around your chimney, skylights, and vents to ensure that they are not broken or cracked. The flashings protect you by sealing off the roof seams from the weather or rain. If they crack, your roof could begin to leak.

If your flashing system is made from tar or roof cement, upgrade the flashing to metal. It is more durable.

3. Check for damaged shingles

Your shingles could damage or crack without your notice, so it is crucial to check them often. In good working condition, shingles should lie against the roof flat. However, heavy storms and other conditions can cause them to buckle, crack, or get damaged. If you find damaged shingles, get them repaired immediately.

It is also necessary to study the downspouts and gutters in case you find granules from the shingles. Once you spot the presence of granules, then your roof might be nearing the end of its lifespan.

4. Look for moss and unwanted plant growth

When you have moss or any other unwanted plant sitting comfortably on your roof, you should see a red flag. The presence of fungi, moss, mold, or any other plant on your roof means moisture is present there. Moss settles itself in shaded and wet areas of your roof, which means there are two things to do.

First of all, remove the moss or unwanted plant with a strong brush. Secondly, attend to the moisture and ensure to find out and solve the cause of it. Moisture can damage your roof, so exercise care in this regard.

5. Identify signs of rot

If your roof shows signs of sagging and rotting boards, it is an emergency call for an immediate replacement before an accident occurs. Observe the surface of your roof to identify rot, moisture, or rotting boards. If you find any, especially where the roof is lowest, you must work on it immediately. The only solution to rot is a replacement, and now is the best time to replace it.

Vital information for homeowners

Some persons are quick to panic when they see one or two leaks and some damaged shingles. They begin planning to buy a new roof without knowing that they can make repairs.

If your roof hasn’t lasted for up to 15 or 20 years since installation, it can still last longer, provided it was fixed well. So, getting repairs might be the way out and not a full replacement.

Call a roofing expert or contractor to observe the damage to your roof. They will tell you what the best solution is. If a repair can solve the issues, you have a few more years to enjoy your roof. If not, your home will be welcoming a new roof soon.